Are you interested in a career as a Security Guard? This rewarding career could have you working in any one of a great many roles in the security industry. Security guard duties vary broadly based on the type of company, organization or even individual that you find employment with.

Security Guard Duties

Let’s take a look at some of the duties that you could be expected to perform while on the job as a Security Guard.

Deterring Criminal Activity

First and foremost, your primary task will be to prevent crime on the premises that you are patrolling. This could include:

  • Ensuring that all windows, gates, and doors are secured
  • Keeping a close eye on security monitors that are recording activity within a facility or building.
  • You may need to circulate amongst those visiting the premises; especially in retail settings to keep an eye on those who are suspected of shoplifting or otherwise damaging company property.

Your duty is to be the company’s first line of defense against criminal activity. Part of this is warning those who are guilty of infractions, and you may also need to evict them from the property.

security-guard-dutiesInvestigate Alarms

When alarms are set off in the building, it will be a part of your security guard duties to investigate the cause of the alarms going off. If determined that someone is trying to break in, or there is a fire in the building, it will be up to you to alert the fire department or the police.

You will also be responsible for helping to guide people safely off of the premises in case of a fire or other type of emergency.

Security Patrols of Grounds

As a part of deterring criminal activity, you will likely need to patrol both commercial and industrial premises. You may even find yourself working for a university or public school system, which will also require patrolling the grounds to detect any obvious or subtle signs of mischief or even intrusion attempts.

Monitoring Activity

One of the security guard duties that you may be required to do could include monitoring the movements of those who enter and leave the building. From:

  • Visitors
  • Employees
  • Couriers

And more; it’ll be up to you to verify their credentials and ensure that they comply with the rules of the building which, in some cases, could include walking through a metal detector. Unauthorized individuals or those who don’t sign out of the building when they leave will be your responsibility to handle in an efficient manner.

Operate Machinery;

Some of the security guard duties that you could engage in might include learning how to operate job-related machinery such as:

  • Metal detectors
  • X-ray machines
  • Computer systems for programming access keys and cards
  • Security Camera Systems
  • Alarm Systems

There’s a range of security-related hardware that is all an essential part of protecting the corporation, industrial site, or school.  As a part of learning how to use this equipment effectively, you will also need to be able to identify quickly any abnormalities or malfunctions.

Providing Direction

Security guards often assist with helping those lost upon entering the premises. Providing information and instruction to individuals is likely to become a part of your guard duties. You may also need to provide phone instructions and take messages, especially during non-business hours.

Paperwork And Reports

Your security guard duties could include keeping track of paperwork and other reports required by the business or the school district. From daily activity reports to reports about property damage, equipment theft, or any other out-of-the-norm occurrences; it’ll be your responsibility to provide clear and concise information when needed.

Personal Protection


Some security guard duties include providing personal protection to those who require it. You may have to drive an individual to a specified location, or protect them from physical harm. Many celebrities and high-level politicians hire security guards to protect their homes, their businesses, and to protect them.

There are many types of security guards, including those who drive armored cars between designated locations and those who work in a law enforcement setting.

Security guard duties will vary greatly between companies and even school districts if you find yourself working as a school security guard. One thing remains constant, however. There is always going to be a need for highly trained, competent security personnel.